Compostable Packaging Market Size Anticipated to Attain USD 197.85 Billion by ...

Compostable Packaging Market Size Anticipated to Attain USD 197.85 Billion by 2032

Status: Published Category: Eco-Friendly Packaging Insight Code: 5121 Format: PDF / PPT / Excel

The compostable packaging market forecasted to grow from USD 88.73 billion in 2022 is estimated to reach USD 197.85 billion by 2032, expanding at a CAGR 8.4% between 2023 and 2032.

Compostable Packaging Market Size 2023 - 2032

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Report Highlights: Important Revelations 

  • Global compostable packaging sector is poised for growth, starting at a value of USD 88.73 billion in 2022.
  • The market is expected to surge, reaching an estimated value of USD 197.85 billion by 2032.
  • This expansion is registered at a consistent CAGR of 8.4% over the period from 2023 to 2032.
  • Europe's leadership in innovating compostable packaging.
  • Unleashing the potential of compostable packaging in north America.
  • Asia Pacific's environmental revolution: embracing compostable packaging solutions.
  • Adoption of compostable bags for sustainable waste management.
  • Investigating the potential of PLA in compostable packaging.
  • Embracing compostable packaging across the food and beverage industry.
  • The essential role of compostable packaging in promoting environmental sustainability.

Compostable packaging, made from a combination of recycled and plant-based materials, is emerging as a strategic option for large firms looking to improve their environmental credentials while directly tackling the issue of single-use plastic packaging. This surge is driven by multinational firms' increased emphasis on sustainability, fueled by rising consumer awareness and governmental efforts like the EU Single-Use Plastics Directive.

Compostable packaging has a better end-of-life performance because microorganisms can break down it into carbon dioxide, water, inorganic chemicals, and biomass, which can be used as a natural fertilizer for agriculture. This breakdown process occurs at a rate equivalent to other organic materials and is usually accompanied by a timescale, commonly around 180 days. Compostable packaging is a sustainable solution for end-of-life disposal without leaving behind persistent environmental contamination. Packaging materials from renewable resources or waste products are remarkable since they adhere more closely to circular economy concepts.

Growing public awareness of environmental issues and the need for sustainable packaging solutions were driving substantial expansion in the compostable packaging market. The world is slowly realising the full potential of alternate packaging solutions, particularly compostable ones.

For Instance,

  • KFC, a fast-food company in Canada, has promised to make all of its consumer-facing packaging compostable by 2025, demonstrating a proactive approach to sustainable packaging.
  • Continuous research in material science is broadening the spectrum of compostable packaging choices
  • Numerous compostable packaging materials are manufactured from renewable resources such as plant-based polymers, starches, or cellulose, in contrast to traditional plastics from petroleum-based sources.
  • Compostable packaging, composed of renewable resources and decomposes into organic matter through composting, provides a sustainable substitute for conventional plastic packaging.
  • Compared to traditional plastics, compostable packaging usually has a lower carbon footprint, especially if made with sustainable production methods and renewable resources.

Compostable Packaging Market SWOC Analysis

Europe Dominance in Compostable Packaging Innovation

Compostable Packaging Market EU, NA, APAC, LAMEA Share

Europe is the leading region in the compostable packaging industry, owing to growing consumer awareness of the environmental effects of their purchasing decisions. This transition is seen in studies showing that more than half of European consumers are willing to invest more in sustainable items. As a result, global firms must embrace and invent eco-friendly packaging solutions that break the cycle of trash disposal.

Compelling figures highlight the importance of bio-waste management in the EU circular economy policy. Recycling 90-116 million tonnes of biowaste into premium compost can improve the quality of 3% to 7% of Europe's depleted agricultural soils, addressing the continent's long-standing soil degradation issue. Furthermore, optimizing composting operations can replace considerable amounts of phosphate, potassium, and lime fertilizers, increasing resource efficiency and environmental sustainability.

Europe Packaging Survey, 2022 (%)

No packaging was the preferred option, but only by a slight margin, with just over half of respondents preferring flexible packaging. Some European countries, including Italy, Spain (Cataluña), Norway, Austria, the UK, Switzerland, Belgium, and Luxembourg, have a long history of using compostable bioplastic bags for bio-waste collection. However, Germany and the Netherlands have lower acceptance levels among biological recycling facility operators. This disparity reflects attitudes and behaviours towards compostable packaging adoption between EU member states.

For Instance,

  • In November 2021, TIPA introduced T. LAM 608, which it describes as a certified, transparent laminate that may be disposed of in household compost bins.

Unlocking Compostable Packaging's Potential in North America

Compostable packaging's potential in the United States is hampered by a lack of infrastructure for successfully managing food and organic waste. According to the Sustainable Packaging Coalition's report "Understanding the Role of compostable packaging in North America," only 27% of the US population has access to food waste composting programs, with an even smaller fraction (11%) able to divert compostable packaging away from landfills and into composting facilities.

Compostable packaging collection programs are noticeably absent from most retail shops and event sites. To fully realize the cyclical potential of compostable packaging, the United States needs to improve consumer access to composting on two fronts. This necessitates investing in composting facilities that can process food scraps and packaging and establish effective biodegradable material collection systems.

U.S. Composting Facilities Breakdown, 2022 (%)

Only 15% of composting facilities in the United States accept some biodegradable packaging. While 55% of these facilities only accept green garbage, such as yard waste and agricultural leftovers, about 45% receive food waste in addition to other biodegradable materials. Approximately 29% of facilities accept food trash, with another 15% accepting packaging materials and food waste.

For Instance,

  • In September 2023, Charter Next Generation (CNG), a top US specialty filmmaker, and TIPA, a leader in the world of compostable packaging products for food and fashion, announced a collaboration to promote compostable packaging use and local production in the US.

The market for compostable packaging in Asia Pacific has grown significantly in recent years due to government measures supporting sustainable practices and rising environmental awareness. Consumers and businesses are flocking to compostable packaging solutions as an eco-friendly substitute for plastic due to a focus on lowering plastic waste and pollution. This tendency is especially noticeable in the food and beverage, cosmetics, and healthcare industries, as packaging is essential to displaying and preserving products.

Manufacturers are innovating with biodegradable materials such as plant-based plastics, paper, and compostable films to meet the rising demand for environmentally responsible packaging options. Additionally, collaborations between industry players and government bodies are fostering research and development efforts to enhance further the performance and accessibility of compostable packaging solutions across the Indian market.

For Instance,

  • In October 2023, India's first compostable flexible packaging was introduced by Pakka Limited, formerly Yash Pakka Limited, a business specializing in compostable packaging solutions.

Compostable Packaging Market, DRO

Demand:

  • The growing awareness about plastic pollution and its environmental impact has increased demand for compostable packaging solutions.

Restrain:

  • Composting and recycling infrastructure for compostable packaging materials may need to be developed or available in particular places. Limited access to composting facilities may impede the widespread use of compostable packaging solutions.

Opportunity:

  • Clear labelling, consumer awareness initiatives, and open communication about compostable products can all assist in promoting acceptance and uptake.

Embracing Compostable Bags for Sustainable Waste Management

Compostable bags, composed of natural plant starch, eliminate the production of harmful substances. These bags readily decompose in composting systems through microbial action, transforming into compost. Compostable bags serve as indispensable waste management solutions for households, businesses, and zero-waste events, crafted from renewable resources. Unlike conventional plastic bags and certain biodegradable alternatives, compostable bags are derived from plant-based materials like sugar starch. When adequately moistened, these bags undergo composting, alongside their contents. Unlike conventional plastic bags and certain biodegradable alternatives, compostable bags are derived from plant-based materials like sugar starch. When adequately moistened, these bags undergo composting, alongside their contents.

Home Compost Item by Type, 2022 (%)

For Instance,

  • In September 2023, for its Off the Eaten Path® brand, Frito-Lay, a PepsiCo® business and snacking industry leader, unveiled an industrially compostable bag.

Exploring the Potential of Compostable PLA Packaging

Polylactic acid (PLA) has emerged as a critical material in compostable packaging due to its versatility and eco-friendliness. PLA is biodegradable and compostable, making it a viable alternative to traditional petroleum-based plastics. Its ability to mirror the functioning and appearance of conventional plastics while remaining compostable has boosted its popularity in various packaging applications, including food service products, bags, and films.

Circularity Aspect Existing Practices/Scope Opportunities
Use of Bio-plastics In India, packaging accounts for over 60% of all bioplastic consumption. As a result of regulations prohibiting SUPs and the emergence of bio-plastics, their proportion in the packaging industry is anticipated to rise.
A few FMCG businesses in India are working towards using only 100% biodegradable plastics to package cosmetics and ready-to-eat goods.
Reusable Packaging Increased use of non-returnable glass bottles in packaging by Pepsico India. Utilizing reusable containers in place of the current SUP containers in the expanding online meal delivery services.
Use of Recycled Plastics 90% of the plastic packaging produced by Cargill Oils India is now recyclable thanks to a reformulated plastic material made in collaboration with Dow Chemical. In non-food applications, use recycled plastic.
Re-design of Packaging Lush, handcrafted cosmetics have a packaging-free line. Avoid using excessive packaging material or build a packaging-free line of items.
Cremica Food Industries reduces lamination in packaging. Switching to single-polymer plastic packaging from multi-polymer packaging.

PLA's biocompatibility, low toxicity, and inexpensive cost compared to other biopolymers help to explain its widespread market adoption. As consumer demand for sustainable packaging grows, PLA is positioned to play an essential role in accelerating the shift to a more ecologically conscious packaging industry.

For Instance,

  • In October 2023, the nation's first biodegradable water bottle, manufactured by DFRL, was introduced by Indian Defence Minister Ajay Bhatt during a two-day national conference in Mysore. The substance used to make these environmentally friendly water bottles is polylactic acid (PLA), which addresses the pressing issue of plastic waste and contributes to reducing carbon emissions.

Embracing Compostable Packaging in Food and Beverage

The food and beverage industry are a prominent adopter of compostable packaging among the different sectors pushing its expansion. Food and beverage firms are increasingly looking for compostable packaging solutions to lessen their environmental impact as customer tastes and the focus on sustainability expand. Products packaged in compostable materials are becoming increasingly popular among consumers who value eco-friendly solutions, ranging from gourmet beverages to organic snacks. Corporate sustainability objectives and regulatory pressures are pushing this change in addition to consumer demand. Food and beverage producers are spending money on R&D to create smart packaging materials that can preserve the freshness and quality of their products while also being compostable.

For Instance,

  • In May 2023, Compostable EcoPods were introduced by Peace Coffee. The plant-based, biodegradable pods are offered via PeaceCoffee.com and Amazon.com.

Imperative of Compostable Packaging in Environmental Sustainability

Compostable packaging is vital in supply chains due to the environmental problems caused by conventional packaging materials, especially plastics. The issue of plastic pollution is a significant worry, as traditional plastic packaging plays a major role in the growth of plastic trash. This garbage endangers wildlife, contaminates water supplies, penetrates ecosystems, and harms people's health. The persistent nature of plastics, which may withstand decades in the environment without naturally disintegrating, makes these problems even more challenging.

Conventional packaging materials, like plastics, take up a lot of room in landfills, which puts increasing pressure on their limited capacity. Compostable packaging materials provide a workable answer by reducing the load on landfill space by providing an eco-friendly substitute that can be composted. Using flexible packaging, such as compostable films, is essential for promoting circularity and reducing waste. Using compostable materials derived from renewable resources makes it easier to move towards a circular economy where resources are used for extended periods.

Compostable goods help cut greenhouse gas emissions and are consistent with environmental goals. Compared to conventional polymers, the production of biodegradable materials usually requires less fossil fuel, reducing carbon emissions. By utilizing compostable packaging, businesses may actively contribute to climate change mitigation and advancing a more sustainable, carbon-neutral supply chain.

For Instance,

  • In November 2023, the first overseas office of UK-based flexible packaging maker Roberts Mart and the launch of its new biodegradable packaging film, Biyo, are expected to enhance the disposal of flexible packaging materials used at home.

Competitive Landscape

The competitive landscape of the compostable packaging market is dominated by established industry giants such as TIPA Ltd (Israel), Rocktenn (US), Özsoy Plastik (Turkey), International Paper Company (US), Mondi (UK), SmartSolve Industries (US), Tetra Pak International SA (Switzerland), Amcor PLC (Switzerland), DS Smith (UK), Klabin SA (Brazil), WestRock Company (US), Hosgör Plastik (Turkey), Smurfit Kappa (US),  Rengo Co. Ltd (Japan), Stora Enso (Sweden), BASF SE (Germany), Bemis manufacturing company (US), Clearwater Paper Corporation (US), and Eurocell S.r.l (UK) These giants compete with upstart direct-to-consumer firms that use digital platforms to gain market share. Key competitive characteristics include product innovation, sustainable practices, and the ability to respond to changing consumer tastes.

TIPA's compostable packaging for fashion has many uses, including resealable, garment bags, and zipper bags for garments, accessories, and more.

For Instance,

  • In May 2023, TIPA Compostable Packaging, a developer of totally compostable flexible packaging solutions, acquired Bio4Pack, a European compostable packaging solutions provider, for an unknown amount.

The plant-fiber, tree-free packaging from Ultra-Green Sustainable Packaging completely breaks down in a commercial composter within 60 to 90 days. Made entirely of recycled water and soda bottles, our clear recycled PET lids are 100% recyclable. Items made of plant fiber have ASTM 6868 certification, while bioplastic (PLA) items have ASTM 6400 certification.

Compostable Packaging Market Players

TIPA Ltd (Israel), Rocktenn (US), Ultra-Green Sustainable Packaging (US), Özsoy Plastik (Turkey), International Paper Company (US), Mondi (UK), SmartSolve Industries (US), Tetra Pak International SA (Switzerland), Amcor PLC (Switzerland), DS Smith (UK), Klabin SA (Brazil), WestRock Company (US), Hosgör Plastik (Turkey), Smurfit Kappa (US), Rengo Co. Ltd (Japan), Stora Enso (Sweden), BASF SE (Germany), Bemis manufacturing company (US), Clearwater Paper Corporation (US), and Eurocell S.r.l (UK).

Market Segments

By Product

  • Bags
  • Trays
  • Pouches
  • Films
  • Others

By Material

  • PLA
  • Cellulose
  • Bamboo
  • Wood
  • PHA

By End Use

  • Food and Beverage
  • Pharmaceutical
  • Cosmetics
  • Others

By Region

  • Europe
  • North America
  • Asia Pacific
  • LAMEA

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About The Author

Swapna is a seasoned research consultant with expertise in conducting and analysing complex research projects across various industries. With a deep passion for knowledge discovery and a commitment to delivering actionable insights, Swapna has successfully collaborated with numerous organisations to help them make informed decisions and drive strategic growth. Swapna has developed a strong track record of designing and implementing research methodologies that generate high-quality data and meaningful results. Through careful attention to detail and a meticulous approach. She possesses a diverse skill set, including proficiency in data collection techniques, statistical analysis, and data visualisation. With expertise in both qualitative and quantitative research methods, Swapna is adept at crafting research frameworks tailored to the unique needs and objectives of each project. By leveraging advanced analytical tools and software, Swapna transforms complex data sets into concise and impactful reports that drive actionable insights.

Swapna excels in working closely with clients, understanding their research goals, and translating those goals into effective research strategies. Through clear and concise communication, Swapna ensures that research findings are presented in a manner that is easily understandable and actionable, enabling clients to make informed decisions and drive positive outcomes. She stays updated with the latest advancements in the field, constantly refining her skills and knowledge to provide cutting-edge research solutions. As a research consultant, Swapna is dedicated to helping organizations uncover valuable insights, solve complex problems, and achieve their strategic objectives. With a passion for research excellence and a commitment to client satisfaction, She is a trusted partner in driving evidence-based decision-making and empowering businesses to thrive in todays dynamic market landscape.

FAQ's

Compostable packaging undergoes a specific composting process, breaking down into organic matter within a defined timeframe and environment. Biodegradable packaging may break down over time, but it may not necessarily leave behind beneficial compost. Recyclable packaging can be processed and reused, but not all recyclable materials are compostable.

Compostable packaging reduces environmental impact by diverting waste from landfills, enriching soil with nutrients, reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and promoting circular economy principles. It also aligns with consumer preferences for eco-friendly products.

Compostable packaging reduces reliance on fossil fuels, minimizes pollution, conserves natural resources, and supports a closed-loop system where organic waste is returned to the soil as nutrient-rich compost.

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